Years 5 and 6

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Throughout Years 5 and 6 we endeavour to prepare all children for a smooth and successful transition to secondary school. We aim to develop skills which will stand pupils in good stead for the exciting changes ahead of them. The pupils will be given new responsibilities and privileges and will be encouraged to set an example for the younger children within the school. Good communication between home and school is a vital part of helping children progress with their learning.



In Years 5 and 6 we aim to:

  • To develop happy, healthy and curious learners who read confidently and independently
  • To enable children to access all areas of the curriculum
  • To build on the child’s prior knowledge and early literacy experience.

We achieve this through engagement with rich texts in a variety of genres. 


In Years 5 and 6, the children capitalise on everything that they have learnt in previous years. They begin to explore writing in different genres, such as journalistic, narrative and non-chronological. The pupils deepen their understanding of grammar and punctuation, learning to actively apply it. We engender a passion for writing and a love of words, which the children take with them throughout their education.


In Years 5 and 6, the children are challenged to develop as problem solvers. The children will continue to learn the four main rules of number. They practise applying these strategies to investigating and problem solving situations. The children will also enjoy lessons in measurement, data-handling, shape and space. This will include practical activities, puzzles and games. Importance is placed upon the use of mental arithmetic, particularly multiplication and division facts. 


In years 5 & 6 key scientific concepts and skills are targeted in preparation for secondary school. Children will experience a range of teaching strategies including exploration, investigative enquiry and illustrative enquiry. Pupils will become more aware of how science influences our everyday lives whilst continuing to develop their interest and enjoyment of this subject. Links with local secondary school science departments are established to enable children to gain experience key stage 3 style learning.


Developing ICT skills are a fundamental part of the children’s learning. The children have specific ICT skills lessons and also use a wider range of ICT tools and information sources to support work in other subjects. The children develop their research skills and decide what information is appropriate for their work. They learn how to amend their work and present it in a way that suits its audience. We further develop their understanding of e-safety.


History is a very fun subject and one which is brought to life at Ethelbert Road. Through study in this area, the children learn about fascinating and important historical events such as World War Two, the Pharoahs of Ancient Egypt and life as a Victorian child. They continue to develop their historical enquiry skills, including: placing key events in to context, communicating their knowledge in a variety of ways and appraising both primary and secondary sources.  



The study of both the human and physical environment is something that intrigues pupils. In Year 5 and 6, we capitalise on this enthusiasm by studying exciting topics such as volcanoes, local studies and environmental issues within the U.K. The children develop their Geographical enquiry skills such as patterns and processes, identifying how environments can be managed sustainably and making use of different sources of information.

Art and Design

Art and design stimulates creativity and imagination. It provides visual, tactile and sensory experiences and a special way of understanding and responding to the world around us. It enables children to communicate what they see, feel and think through the use of colour, texture, form, pattern and different materials and processes.  They explore ideas and meanings through the work of artists and designers. Through learning about the roles and functions of art, they can explore the impact it has had on contemporary life and that of different times and cultures. The appreciation and enjoyment of the visual arts enriches all our lives. The aims of art and design are:

  • to enable children to record from first-hand experience and from imagination and to select their own ideas to use in their work;
  • to develop creativity and imagination through a range of complex activities;
  • to improve the children’s ability to control materials, tools and techniques;
  • to increase their critical awareness of the roles and purposes of art, craft and design in different times and cultures;
  • to develop increasing confidence in the use of visual and tactile elements and materials;
  • to foster an enjoyment and appreciation of the visual arts and a knowledge of artists and designers.

We provide a rich environment in which we encourage and value creativity. Children experience a wide range of activities that they respond to, using the various senses. We give them the opportunity to work alongside artists and other adults as well as visits to experience the work of professional artists. The activities that they take part in are imaginative and enjoyable. Children in year 5 and 6, love learning about space and the solar system and what better way than to create a giant mobile of the planets and stars around us. Using giant punch balloons, pva glue and kitchen, the children in groups busily set to work to create our universe! This is a great hands’ on approach for learning. The work of Lowry offers us a fantastic starting point to work with. We use drama to capture the feelings of different pieces of work within our art lesson.  Learning drawing skills such as: perspective drawing and using charcoal, oil pastel and water colours. The children love to learn about the Ancient Egyptians and we use their exploration to inform their own art projects in this unit. Allowing the children ownership for the own art and imagination using a skills based brief to inform their decisions.

Design and Technology

Design Technology helps children to become problem solvers through practical tasks, using creativity and imagination. It represents an essential aspect of individual development to which all children are entitled. It develops the knowledge, concepts, skills and attitudes that enable our children to engage in a broad range of creative activities in response to identifying needs and problems. We learn to think, explore and discover about the larger world of industry, commerce and business. It involves having ideas and making judgements, manipulation materials, systems and equipment. It generates creative capability that can be applied to real life situations. It develops complex skills and abilities enabling pupils to exercise control over the quality of manmade environments, systems and artefacts. The purpose of design technology is that it draws its information from human knowledge and is concerned with the manipulation of materials and systems to meet human needs. In Years 5 and 6 we look at the packaging and designs of a variety of biscuits to create and bake a new biscuit to sell at the Christmas fair. In groups the children learn to collect data to develop own ideas and decisions. Designing and making a moving toy gives the children great opportunities to learn about cams and 3d mechanisms. The children will be able to work with wood to build a frame work to encase their cam mechanism using hand drills, mitre blocks and hack saws. Children will hand sew a ragdoll following a simple pattern and instructions.

Religious Education

In Years 5 and 6, the children continue to learn about some of the major world faiths, such as Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Hinduism and Sikhism. They will develop as learners becoming more aware of the multi – faith community in which they live.   


During these years, in personal, social, health and citizenship (P.S.H.C.E) we will be gradually preparing children for their transition to secondary education. Through P.S.H.C.E we aim to develop independent and responsible members of our school community. Self – confidence and self – esteem is encouraged in preparation for a smooth and happy transition into Year 7. Furthermore, during our summer residential trip, Year 6 pupils will focus on empathy and team building skills. As members of our school council our children will be actively involved in making decisions to improve all areas of our school life.

Physical Education

Ethelbert Road places great importance on the children’s Physical Education in Years 5 and 6. We are fortunate to have access to football, netball and basketball courts at the Abbey School where children can improve their skills and take part in team games. During the summer months children enjoy participating in rounders, cricket and athletics activities. We also continue to use Faversham Gym and the Faversham pool, particularly for those children who have not achieved the required level in swimming.

Modern Foreign Language

We will continue to develop speaking and listening skills in a modern foreign language (Spanish). Children will learn to express opinions and articulate feelings responding to increasingly complex questions. In writing they will be encouraged to write from memory as well as beginning to create simple sentences. Some simple instructions will be given in Spanish, not only in MFL lessons, but in all lessons.


Throughout Years 5 and 6 pupils will have the opportunity to enjoy music through a balance of listening, composing, performing and appraising. Children will learn about music from different periods and genres as well as singing songs from around the world, including the British Isles.